FPV Drone: First Person Display (Practical Guide)
FPV drone, or drone with first person visualization, means you can see what your drone sees in real time.
So, instead of trying to control your drone in range of sight, you can do it using a portable monitor. In this article, we’ll show you everything you need to know about FPV drone’s flight.
The flight with FPV drone allows you to fly farther and faster without confusing yourself with the orientation of your quadcopter.
When flying from the ground, it is very easy to lose track of your drone in mid-flight. This is especially true in the drones races, where the FPV is practically obligatory.
Flying through FPV, the right and left never reverse. As a result, you will have much more control over your drone. I also like the fact that the FPV flight is much more immersive than just looking at your drone from afar.
It will give you an unforgettable flight experience that will make you want more.
Basic configuration of a Drone FPV
When you take the FPV route, you have two options: you can buy a FVP drone that comes with built-in FPV technology (like DJI Phantom 4 or hub X4 H107D), or you can modify one for that purpose.
For the sake of this article, let’s assume you’re taking the DIY approach and you’re arming your own FVP Drone.
Basic configuration of FPV Drone:
• Video transmitter: Transmits the image to the ground.
• Video receiver: Receives the image from the sky.
• Camera: Captures the image being transmitted.
• Display: Displays the transmitted image.
Whether you buy a FVP Drone or build one yourself, the settings will always be the same. Let’s talk about each one of these individually.
In general, you will have four frequency bands to choose from: 900MHz, 1.3 GHz, 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz. By far the most common is the 2.4 GHz frequency. That’s because it’s the one allowed by most countries without you having to get a license. The frequency of 900 MHz, for example, is banned in Sweden because it interferes with air traffic. Before choosing a frequency, make sure you can use it!
This is not very complicated. When you buy your transmitter, just buy a corresponding receiver. There’s not much more to be said about it.
When you buy a FPV camera, choose one that is light and small. If it is too large and bulky, then it will weigh your quadcopter and quickly deplete the battery (or it may not take off at all due to being too heavy). You also want to focus on image quality. If the image is too fuzzy, it can make it hang, which obviously is not a good thing.
You will have two options when it comes to the screen:
• FPV Google
• FPV Screen
They’re both fine, but I recommend the glasses. Why? Because it’s so much more fun! When you have goggles instead of a screen, you will not have to worry about glare (if you fly during the day).
In addition, the glasses will give you much more immersion and allow you to fly better. Having FPV glasses is simply much more convenient.
And now to blow up your FPV Drone
Once you have installed your basic FPV configuration, you will want to experiment with different ways to fly farther. After all, what’s the fun of flying FPV if you can’t go more than 100 feet away, right?
The most important improvement to fly farther is the antenna. A good upgrade of the antenna will improve its reach in a large amount, and only cost about $10 or $20.
To give you a little perspective, changing your antenna can literally double its range without using any additional power.
Following the law with a Drone FPV
It’s against the law to fly your drone so far that you can no longer see it. So even if you have a FVP drone capable of traveling up to a kilometer away, you must comply with the law and fly to where you can still see it without the screen.
Some areas are more stringent when imposing this law than others. The last thing you want is for you to confiscate your drone (or, worse, go to jail) because you have not followed the rules.
Fly with an observer
No matter how good your FPV Drone is, you won’t be able to see everything. Essentially, you will be limited only to what your drone’s camera can see, which in some cases will not suffice.
By having an observer (someone who will look at your drone while flying through FPV), you will reduce the risk of a collision. They can tell you when you are approaching a tree or a power line, which will save you a costly collapse. Besides, it’s much more fun to have someone flying with you than being alone.
Practice makes the monk
If you’ve never flown a FPV drone before, it could be a little complicated at first. That’s because your depth perception will be off. Looking at the world through a lens makes the objects look closer/More than they really are.
Then, that tree that is only a few meters away could be 10 meters away, causing it to get too close and crash. The only way to avoid this problem is to practice as often as possible.
If you’re planning to participate in drone racing, it’s something you have to do. If you are a beginner and have never flown in a quadcopter, look at this article and learn to fly a drone.
Pay attention to your surroundings
When flying through FPV, always pay attention to your surroundings. Otherwise, you might end up crashing where you least imagine.
Also, try not to fly over an area where it will be difficult to find your drone if it hangs. Examples include large bodies of water and areas full of trees.
Flying on a drone FPV can be a lot of fun, but you have to be responsible. Know your limits and always stay within the law.
This guide only provides a general description of how to set up a FPV drone. I recommend reading more about the topic or watching some videos on YouTube to get an accurate tutorial. Good luck and fly safely!